A descriptive study was done to study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Tibetan settlements in South India in December 1997. There has been no reported study of DM among the Tibetan population. The sample size consist of 2052 people in the south Tibetan settlement, 980 people in and around Dharamsala and 800 Tibetan people in the Bodhagaya region, totaling to 3821 people with the age range from 30-65 years old participated in this study. We came to learned that 132 participants found out to be diabetic≥ 126 mg/dl in fasting or plasma glucose > 200 mg/dl after intake of 75 gm of glucose. In this study, the crude prevalence rate of DM was 3.4%. DM can be considered to be a significant problem in this migrant Tibetan population. We also came to know of very high incidence of hypertension in the Tibetan population. A note should also be made of a possibly occurrence of cerebral vascular disease. Separate studies on hypertension and stroke are needed to confirm their high prevalence.
The Clinical Research Department of Men-Tsee-Khang in collaboration with All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, undertook a study to assess the efficacy of Traditional Tibetan medicine in controlling the blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (GHb) in newly diagnosed or untreated type 2 diabetes from 1997 to 2000. A total number of 200 newly diagnosed or untreated type 2 diabetes patients were recruited from the Bangalore branch clinic in South India and New Delhi branch clinic in North India. The patients were randomized into two groups, the treatment group and the control group. The treatment group was treated with traditional Tibetan medicine along with diet and lifestyle modifications and the control group was treated only with dietary and lifestyle modification. The result showed significant changes in both blood glucose (FBG and PPBG) and HBa1c level in the treatment group. Hence, the preliminary trial has shown a positive effect of the use of Tibetan Medicine in management of diabetes mellitus. The detail report of the study was published in Diabetes Care 24:176-177 in 2001. Visit: care.diabetesjournals.org/content/24/1/176.full